Esboços. Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em História da UFSC

Editora:
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Data de publicação:
2011-03-10
ISBN:
1414-722x

Descrição:

É uma revista dedicada a divulgar e debater artigos, pesquisas e enfoques que enriqueçam a produção do conhecimento histórico.

Documentos mais recentes

  • Paisagens vulneráveis do café: uma história global de agências humanas e não humanas
  • Lista alfabética dos pareceristas que colaboraram com a Esboços: histórias em contextos globais em 2021: volume 28, números 47, 48 e 49
  • Commodity chains and the global environmental history of the colonial americas

    The present article explores some of the problems that the contemporary environmental collapse brought to the writing of history and suggests, following in the footsteps of other scholars, that one of the main present challenges is to combine a global history of capital with the time of nature. Approaches based on the history of specific commodities are discussed in light of contemporary historiographical debates. In the last section I explore two examples - the histories of Brazilian gold and North American ships - to show how the method can help develop a global environmental history of the colonial Americas from a critical perspective, i.e. a history of capital that transcends the methodological nationalism that is still part of the discipline and effectively incorporates the time of nature as part of a unified analytical perspective.

  • Making the leap: commodity chains and the potential for global environmental histories of capitalism

    This article is a brief response to Leonardo Marques’ essay "Commodity Chains and the Global Environmental History of the Colonial Americas." It focuses on the practical and theoretical limitations of commodity-chain histories as away to address our political and environmental moment. It argues that commodity-chain histories must overcome the complexity of their subjects, and leap the theoretical gap between local and global scales without losing sight of nature. To do so, the article advocates for more work by environmental historians, and a focus on transformation rather than commodity flows.

  • Indigenous and african intellectual labor and the commodities of vast early America

    This article calls for centering the lives, labor, and expertise of Indigenous, African, and African-descended people in future commodity histories of the colonial Americas. The production of the Atlantic world’s most prized commodities depended upon the expertise and intellectual labor of Indigenous and African people. Their knowledge - which was often violently extracted by Europeans through enslavement - buttressed colonization and enabled the existence of many of the early modern Atlantic world’s commodities. If we recognize this botanical, agricultural, and environmental knowledge as intellectual history, then historians can show how Indigenous and African knowledge anchored the Atlantic world and, by extension, the global economy. At the same time, though, the creation of these commodities resulted in environmental devastation. Though imperial wealth depended upon their labor, Indigenous and African people bore the brunt of environmental collapse in the wake of commodity production. Their livelihoods and homelands were not protected.

  • Cadeias mercantis e história global das Américas coloniais a partirdo continente africano

    Este artigo propõe um diálogo historiográfico a partir das conexões históricas e culturais entre o Brasil e o continente africano, enfatizando a centralidade da experiência dos trabalhadores que detinham conhecimentos mineralógicos para a história da exploração aurífera. O objetivo é analisar como metalúrgicos africanos ajudaram ou resistiram aos empreendimentos de mineração colonial, moldaram práticas científicas e ofereceram visões criativas do trabalho em metal. Pretende-se, por fim, analisar os impactos da exploração aurífera de Minas Gerais no Reino de Angola, onde os portugueses também investiram na prospecção do ouro.

  • Empire, class and the origins of planetary crisis:the transition debate in the web of life

    We are discovering in the era of climate crisis that the Transition Debate is a debate over the origins and crisis tendencies of capitalism in the web of life. The original Debate emerged in its contemporary form in the thick of the Cold War, assuming mature form during the world revolution of 1968. It was a historicalanalytical debate over the historical geography of capitalist origins, and its two poles were 1492 and 1800. The divergence turned as much on differing conceptions of capitalism as it did on empiricalanalytical substance: the terrain of "actually existing" world history. And it was a political debate over the priorities of socialist politics, especially the enduring tension between "socialism in one country" and proletarian internationalism that had riven the world left since 1914 and the historic betrayal of Europe’s social democratic parties in support of War. In the 21st century, the language of the Debate has changed, but assumed an even greater prominence in the unfolding climate crisis, captured in the debate between the Anthropocene ("Age of Man") and the Capitalocene ("Age of Capital"). In what follows, I will focus on the historical-analytical challenge, mindful of its relation to the ongoing struggle for planetary justice - and against the Popular Anthropocene’s imperial-technocratic ambitions. We may begin with an extraordinary misperception of the Transition Debate. It is not, in the main, a contention between "production" and "circulation." If anything, it is about how class politics and modern state formation - including modern empires - cohere relations of production, reproduction, and accumulation.

  • Quem tem medo da disciplina da História? Breves reflexões sobre interdisciplinaridade e a história do capitalismo em diálogo com Leonardo Marques

    Este artigo consiste em um diálogo com o historiador Leonardo Marques, com base no artigo de sua autoria Cadeias mercantis e a história ambiental global das Américas coloniais, publicado na seção debate da revista Esboços. Tendo em vista discutir o lugar da interdisciplinaridade no estudo da história do capitalismo, destaco basicamente três aspectos: a forma como o autor explora a metodologia delineada por Hopkins e Wallerstein em torno da noção de cadeia da mercadoria; o problema em torno da incorporação da perspectiva do sistema-mundo e das contribuições próprias da ciência da história para uma história ambiental global; o diálogo necessário com a geociências para a fundamentação da abordagem.

  • Colonial america and commodity history: the plurality of times of historical capitalism

    This rejoinder addresses many of the issues raised by the commentaries of Crislayne Alfagali, Jack Bouchard, Mary Draper, Waldomiro Lourenço Jr, and Jason Moore regarding my article, "Commodity Chains and the Global Environmental History of the Colonial Americas". Like that article, this piece is divided into three different sections. First, I discuss several issues related to the discipline, and take the opportunity to further develop some arguments from my initial intervention, particularly the discussion on methodological nationalism. Next, I survey the potentialities and limits of the history of commodities to think about the history of capitalism. Finally, in the third and last section, I explore the debate on the knowledge of Africans and Amerindians in the construction of the Atlantic world as a strategy to tie many of the issues discussed throughout the text.

  • Globalism before Globalism: the Alexander legend in medievalliterature (Priest Lambrecht's account as a pathway to early global perspectives)

    We certainly live in a world today determined by globalism, however we might want to define it. But it would be erroneous to assume that earlier centuries, and not even pre-modernity, were entirely ignorant about foreign worlds and did not have any interest in reaching out to, or in approaching foreign countries, peoples, and cultures either peacefully or militarily. The first part of this paper examines some of the misconceptions and then outlines many features that justify us in using the term ‘globalism’ already at that early stage, maybe free of much of the modern baggage brought upon by the colonialist attitude pursued by early modern Europeans. To illustrate the claim more specifically, this then leads over to a detailed examination of one of the many versions of the Alexander narratives in the Middle Ages, specifically of Priest Lambrecht’s Middle High German Alexanderlied. Although Alexander is presented as a conqueror of the Persian empire and the Indian kingdom, apart from many other countries, there is still a strong narrative strategy to open the perspective toward the East and to make it to an integrative part of the global worldview of the western European audiences. This and many other Alexander versions contribute in their own intriguing way to the process of "worldmaking," as Nelson Goodman (1978) had called it. Although historic-fictional in his approach, Lambrecht facilitated in a path-breaking way, drawing on many classical sources, of course, the establishment of a global vision, at least in the mind of his medieval audiences.

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