Diretrizes para Monografias Jurídicas

AutorDenise Pires Fincato
Páginas53-65
2 D
IRETRIZES
PARA
M
ONOGRAFIAS
J
URÍDICAS
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2.1 Impressão do Trabalho Acadêmico
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2.2 Encadernação
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ΞΡΞΡΞΡΞ(4>ΑΝ#∋;=Ε([∴(ΑΕ%
2.4 Paginação
:Ε#(5%&∀&=ΧΕ# (!∋&∆Π∋Ε#Φ(&(Α;(∆≅?≅(≅#∃&% (&Ε (&=∃Ε (∆& (ϑΗΓ>Α&Φ (ΑΕ(
∋&Α∃Ε(#;ϑ≅%>Ε%(∆>%≅>∃Ε(∆&(ΚΕ=Χ&Ρ(
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&ϑ&%≅∋≅%(≅#∋Ε#Ρ
2.5 Margens
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Α∀%Β7868Χ∆8∀ΕΒ8∀=∀Φ8ΓΦ=∀∆8Η5∀ΗΒ∆Φ:<: class="_ _3">∆Λ
Α∀ 1∆∀ΦΜΦΒΝ=∆ Ι8∀ :;Μ≅:=∀ Ι8 ∀∆Β9Ο6:=Π :;Φ6=ΙΒΚΘ=Π∀≅=;≅ΝΒ∆Θ=Π 8Φ≅Λ∀ ΡΙ:Φ=∆ ∀;Θ=∀
;Β9865Ι=∆Σ∀ Ι8Τ89 ∀∆86 ≅8;Φ65Ι=∆ ∀;5 ϑΟ7:;5Π∀ 5 ∀Υ≅9 Ι5∀ς=6Ι5 ∆Βϑ86:=6∀ Ι= ∀ϑ5ϑ8ΝΠ∀
95;Φ8;Ι=Χ∆8∀5∆∀Ι895:∆∀95678;∆Λ
Α∀1∆∀ ΦΜΦΒΝ=∆∀ΕΒ8∀5ς689∀≅5ϑΜΦΒΝ=∆∀ΡΙ:Φ=∆∀ ;Β9865Ι=∆Σ∀Ι8Τ89∀∆86∀5Ν:;Ω5Ι=∆∀Ξ∀
8∆ΕΒ86Ι5Π∀ 5 ∀Ψ≅9 Ι5∀ ς=6Ι5∀∆Βϑ86:=6Λ∀1∆ ∀Ι895:∆∀ ∆ΒςΦΜΦΒΝ=∆∀Τ:6Θ= ;5∀ ∆8ΕΖ[;≅:5∀Ι=∀
Φ8ΓΦ=Π∀∆89ϑ68∀Ξ∀956789∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5Λ
2.6 Espaços
∃;Φ68Ν:;Ω5∆∀ Ι= Φ8ΓΦ=>∀= ϑ5Ι6Θ= ∴∀ 8∆ϑ5Κ= Β9∀ 8 98:=∀Ρ]Π⊥Σ Ρ43∗ ∀]_?_ΣΛ∀
∃;Φ68Ν:;Ω5∆∀ Ι8∀ ;=Φ5∆∀ΡΙ8∀ 6=Ι5ϑ∴∀ =Β∀Ι8∀<:9 class="_ _3">≅:Φ5Κα8∆Π∀68ς:ςΝ:=76Ο<: class="_ _3"> 8∀
:Φ8;∆∀Ι=∀∆Β9Ο6:=>∀8∆ϑ5Κ=∀∆:9ϑΝ8∆Λ
Α ∀ ,8Τ8Χ∆8 ∀ Ι8:Γ56 ∀ Β95 ∀ Ν:;Ω5 ∀ Ρ=Β ∀ Β9 !∀#!∃Σ ∀ 89 ∀ ς65;≅= ∀ 8;Φ68 ∀ =∆∀
ΦΜΦΒΝ=∆β∆ΒςΦΜΦΒΝ=∆β≅:Φ5Κα8∆∀Ν=;75∆∀8∀=∀ΕΒ8∀=∆∀ϑ68≅8Ι8 ∀=Β∀∆Β≅8Ι8Λ∀.5∆∀;Θ=∀ ∆8∀Ι8Τ89∀
Ι8:Γ56∀8∆ϑ5Κ=∆∀8;Φ68∀=∆∀ϑ56Ο765
2.7 Alinhamentos
Α∀−5ϑ5∀χ∀Φ=Ι=∆∀=∆∀:Φ8;∆∀∆Θ=∀≅8;Φ65Ν:δ5Ι=∆Λ
Α∀ ε=ΝΩ5 Ι8 6=∆Φ=> 8Ν898;Φ=∆ ≅8;Φ65Ν:δ5Ι=∆ΠΞ∀ 8Γ≅8ΚΘ= Ι= Φ8ΓΦ= =;Ι8∀ ∆8∀
:;Ι:≅59∀5∀;5ΦΒ68δ5∀Ι=∀Φ65ς5ΝΩ=Π∀=∀=ςΗ8Φ:Τ=Π∀=∀;=98∀Ι5∀:;∆Φ:ΦΒ:ΚΘ=∀5∀ΕΒ8∀∴∀∆Βς98Φ:Ι5∀
8∀5∀Ο685∀Ι8∀≅=;≅8;Φ65ΚΘ=Π∀ΕΒ8∀Ι8Τ8∀∆86∀5Ν:;Ω5Ι=∀Ι=∀98:=∀ϑ565∀5∀Ι:68:Φ5Λ
Α∀/ΜΦΒΝ=∆∀≅=9∀:;Ι:≅5Φ:Τ=∀;Β9∴6:≅=>∀Ξ∀956789∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5Λ
Α∀/ΜΦΒΝ=∆∀∆89∀:;Ι:≅5Φ:Τ=∀;Β9∴6:≅=>∀≅8;Φ65Ν:δ5Ι=∆Λ
Α∀−:Φ5Κα8∆∀Ν=;75∆>∀5∀_≅9∀Ι5∀956789∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5Λ
Α∀∗8∀Ξ∀956789∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5Λ
Α ∀ 4=Φ5∆ ∀ Ι8 ∀ ∗=Ι5ϑ∴> ∀ 95;Φ8;Ι=Χ∆8 ∀ Ν:Τ68 ∀ = ∀ 8∆ϑ5Κ= ∀ 5ς5:Γ= ∀ Ι= ∀ ;φ986=∀
:;Ι:≅5Φ:Τ=∀Ρ=Β∀∆8Η5Π∀5Ν:;Ω5;Ι=Χ∆8∀5∀ϑ56Φ:6∀Ι5∀ϑ6:98:65∀Ν8Φ65∀Ι5∀;=Φ5ΣΛ
2.8 Parágrafos
(;:≅:59Χ∆8∀5∀]Π⊥≅9∀Ι5∀956789∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5∀ΡΒΦ:Ν:δ56∀5∀6∴7Β5∀Ι=∀γ=6ΙΣΛ∀
1∀ :;Ι:≅5Φ:Τ= ;Β9∴6:≅=∀ Ι8 Β95∀ ∆8ΚΘ= Ρ=Β∀ ∆Βς∆8ΚΘ=Σ ϑ68≅8Ι8∀ ∆8Β ΦΜΦΒΝ=Π∀∴∀
5Ν:;Ω5Ι=∀Ξ∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5∀8∀∆8ϑ565Ι=∀ϑ=6∀Β9∀8∆ϑ5Κ=∀Ι8∀≅565≅Φ868∀χ∀
Ι=∀γ=6Ι∀ΡΦΜΦΒΝ=∆∀;Β9865Ι=∆∀∆Θ=∀5Ν:;Ω5Ι=∆∀Ξ∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5∀χ∀]_?_∀>∀?ηη?ΣΛ∀
45∆∀≅:Φ5Κα8∆∀ Ν=;75∆∀ΕΒ8∀:;:≅:89∀89 ∀ϑ56Ο765Ι8Τ8Χ∆8∀=ς∆86Τ56∀=∀98∆9=Π∀
≅=9∀]Π⊥≅9∀;5∀ϑ6ιϑ6:5∀≅:Φ5ΚΘ= ∀ΕΒ8Π∀ ;=∀≅5∆=Π ∀8∆Φ56Ο∀ 5∀_≅9 ∀Ι5∀956789∀8∆ΕΒ86Ι5∀Ι5∀
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Ι;ϑΙ=∀=?8789:ΚΑ∀898∆8:?∀:∀Λ∆>∀Χ:∀>:?7;>∀;
2.9 Citações
,;Ν;Ο:?∀∆Ε8Χ:Χ=∀9:∀ ∀ΕΙ8Κ8Π:ΘΗ=Γ∀(9Χ8∆:?∀5?;∀: ∀Φ=9Ι;∀Χ;∀=9Χ;∀
?;Ι8?:∀ : 89Φ=?>:ΘΗ=∀ Ρ;> ∆8Ι:ΘΣ; ∀Χ8?;Ι: =Ε 5:?6Φ?: ; 5?=∆Ε?:?∀9Η= Ι=?9:? :∀
>=9=7?:Φ8: ∀ Ε>: ∀ >;?: ∀ ?;Ε98Η= ∀ Χ; ∀ ∆8Ι:ΘΣ; ∀ : ∀ ΦΕ9ΘΗ= ∀ Χ;∀
?;Φ=?Θ:?∀ = :?7Ε>;9Ι=∀ ;> Χ;Ι;?>89:Χ= ∀:9Ι= 5=? 8 Υ 9;∆; ∀Ι;? ς=>∀
9:∀:Α∀=ς∀5?8>;8?:>;9Ι;∀∀∆8Ι:ΘΗ=∀Υ∀89Χ8?;Ι:∀=Ε∀
Χ8?;Ι:∀;Α∀9;=∀∆:
Ζ∀(9Χ8?;Ι:Ρ5:?6Φ?: ∀;ϑ5?;∀5;9<:>;9Ι=∀Χ=∀:ΕΙ=?∀5;
∆=>∀ : ∀ 5:Κ:Ν?:∀Χ= 5; (9Χ8∆:? =∀ 9=>; Χ=∀:ΕΙ=? ; ?;78 = :9=∀ Χ:∀
5ΕςΚ8∆:ΘΗ=∀Χ:∀=ς?:∀5;8<: class="_ _3"> 5:?[9Ι; ∀:=∀ Κ:Χ=∀Ρ:∀:ΕΙ=?ΟΧ:Ι:ΤΓ∀
−=>=∀:ΚΙ;?9:Ι8Ν:∀;∀∆=> ∀: ∀Φ89:Κ8Χ:Χ;∀Χ;∀ Κ8>5:?∀ =∀ Ι;ϑΙ=∀ΡΙ;9Χ[9∆8:∀:ΙΕ:ΚΤΑ ∀5=Χ;Ο
Φ:Π;?∀:∀ ?;Φ;?[9∆8:∀Χ:∀=ς?:∀ Ρ∆=>5Κ;Ι:∀9: ∀5?8>;8?:∀ Ν;Π∀ΜΕ; ∀:∀∆8Ι:∀ ;∀?;8Χ: ∀9:
∀Χ=::?:∀:∀89Χ8∆:ΘΗ=∀Χ:
?;Φ;?[9∆8:∀ς8ςΚ8=7?6Φ8∆: ΜΕ;Α 5=?Ι:9Ι=Α ;ϑ∆ΚΕ;> >ΕΙΕ:>;9Ι;Ψ :ΕΙ=?ΟΧ:Ι:∀ =Ε∀
9=Ι:∀Χ;∀?=Χ:5ΥΓ
Ζ∀,8?;Ι:∀ΡΙ;ϑΙΕ:ΚΤΨ∀=9Χ;∀ ∀Ι?:9 ∀: ∀5:Κ:Ν?: ∀Χ= ∀:ΕΙ=?Α !∀#!# ∃%!&&∋(!#)∃
#=Χ;>∀ ∀ς?;Ν; =Ε∀Κ=97: ∀!∀Φ=9Ι;∀ Χ;Ν;∀∀5?;∀89Χ8∆:Χ:∀Ρ ∀∆=Κ=∆6Ο
Κ:
:Τ∀&Ε:9Χ=∀Κ=97:∀Ι?[Χ;∀Ι;ϑΙ=∀∆=??8Χ=Α∀Χ;∀>:?7;>∀:∀
>:?7;>ΤΑ∀898∆8:>Ο:∀≅] ∀Ι=ΜΕ; ∀Ρ=Ε ∀Λ∆>Τ ∀Χ: ∀>:?7;>∀;∀∀;∀;>∀
Ι:>:9∴= >;9=?Ρ43∗∀ ≅Λ⊥_ΛΤΑ ∆=> ;;9Ι= 5Κ; ∀ ;9Ι?; : ∀ Κ89∴: ∀
;Φ;8Ι=∀8Ι6Κ8∆=Α∀∀:
ςΤ∀&Ε:9Χ=∀ς?;Ν;∀Ρ:ΙΥ∀Ι?[:?7;>∀:∀>:?7;>ΤΑ∀Φ8∆:>∀89
∆=?5=∀ Χ=∀Ι;ϑΙ=Α >:9Ι;9Χ=Ο = ∀Ι:>:9∴= Ε∀ΡΙ:>:9∴= ≅_Τ∀ ; ∀= >;=∀ ;
;9Ι?;∀ : Κ89∴: ,;Ν;Ο 9=∀;9Ι:9Ι=Α ∀∆=Κ=∆6ΟΚ= ∀;9Ι?; : ;∀ =∀ ;Φ;8Ι=∀ 8Ι6Κ8∆=∀
Ρ43∗∀≅Β_ΤΓ∀!∀5Κ;ΕΙ8Κ8Π:Χ::?∀∆8Ι:ΘΗ=∀9=∀89Ι;?8=?∀Χ:∀
5?α5?8:∀∆8Ι:ΘΗ=Γ
Ζ ∀ ∋Ι8Κ8Π:>Ο
∀Ι?;∆∴= Χ;9Ι?=∀Χ= ∀Ι;ϑΙ=∀ ∆8Ι:Χ=∀=Ε∀ΜΕ:9Χ=∀=∀ Ι?;∆∴=∀∆8Ι:Χ= ∀9Η=∀ Υ∀Ε>:∀
∆=>5Κ;Ι:∀ Ρ∆=>;Θ=ΕΟ Χ:∀ >;Ι:Χ;Α∀8ΕΟ ∀ ∀>;8= ∀=Ε ∀;9∆;??=ΕΟ
:9Ι;89=Τ∀δ∀43∗∀≅Β_Ψ_≅Γ
Ζ∀ (9Ι;?5=Κ:ΘΣ; ∀ 5; ; ∆=>;9Ι6?8= Χ;Ν;> ∀Φ;8Ι= ∀ ;9Ι?;∀∆=Κ∆∴;Ι;
β∆=>;9Ι6?8=
Ζ∀ #:?:∀ ;9Φ:Ι8Π:? ∀Ι?;∆∴= ∀ Χ: ∆8Ι:ΘΣ; ∀ΕΙ8Κ8Π:? ∀= ∀= ∀9;7?8Ι=Α∀
89Φ=?>:9Χ=∀ :=∀ Φ89:Κ∀ Χ:∀ ∆8Ι:ΘΗ=∀ ;∀ ;9Ι?;∀ 5:?[9Ι;)∀ %;∀ =∀ Ι;ϑΙ=∀= ?8789:Κ∀
56
!∀#∃%∀&∋∃(∀%&)∃#∗+,−
!∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
∀)
∋∗+ ,(−!
∀%
∃.
∀.
(%/ 0∗(1 %
,1
∀#
∗1)∃ /1
,∃
∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
2
∀3
!4−!
56789:;?≅Α∀ 8
;78
2.10 Notas de Rodapé
/=Α=7Β6∀Α;769 Σ=Χ6∀ =6∀ >67?6∀ Χ6∀ 8;Τ86Ε∀ ;∆ϑ=Υ6∀ ∆9Αϑ>;∆Ε∀ 8;Τ86∀
ς≅∆89Φ95=Χ6Ε∀=>97Β=Χ6∀=∀ϑ=ϑ;8;∆ϑ=Υ6∀=Η=9Τ6∀
Χ6∀7ΞΑ;9:Φ97∆Ε∀;78;∆∀97Χ95=
≅Α=∀598=ΥΨ6∀ Φ;98=∀ 76∀ 56 Χ6∀ 8;Τ86∀ Ζ5Β=Α=Ω∆;∀ 468=∀ Χ;∀ ∗;Φ;∀∆;7Χ6∀7;∆8;∀
5=∆6 ∀ ∆9∆8;Α= ∀ =>8;95=Υ∴;∆Ε∀
=556Α;78]56Αϑ;∆Ε∀;85Θ ∀ΖΡ≅=7Χ6 ∀∆;
5Β=Α=Χ=∆ ∀ Χ; ∀ 468=∆ ∀ ∃Τϑ>95=89:=∆[Θ ∀ ∃∆8= ∀ Χ= ∀ ϑ]?97=Ε∀
∆;ϑ= ∀8;Τ86∀ϑ6≅Α∀8 ∀Χ;∀ =ϑ Μ⊥_∀Χ= ∀>=≅ Ξ89>∀Χ= ∀Φ6>Β=∀
ΖΧ;∆5678=Χ=∆∀ =∆∀ Α=;7∆Ε∀ ϑ6 6∀ Ρ≅;∀ 56∀=∀=ϑ∀ΠΝ∀
86Ρ≅;∆∀ΖΟ5Α[∀=∀ϑ= ∀Χ=∀Α=;Α∀;∆Ρ≅;∀!∆∀768=∆∀ Χ;∀Φ9Α∀ Χ;∀5=ϑ8≅>6 ∀6≅∀Χ;∀Φ9Α∀
Χ; ∀ 8Β6Ε ∀ ϑ6
)≅
2.11 Fontes Bibliográf‌icas
4=∆ ∀Α67 6?9Σ;Α ∀ Χ; ∀ Φ678; ∀ Η9Η>96?
=∆Ε∀8;7Β=Α ∀∆9Χ6∀ 598=Χ=∆∀;Τϑ ∀6≅∀ 7Ψ6Θ∀!∆∆9ΑΕ∀ 6∀Α67α? ∀Χ;:;
;∆56>Β; Ρ≅=>∀ ∆9∆8;Α=∀ ≅89>9Σ= Ρ≅=7Χ6∀Χ=∀ ∀Χ= ∀ϑ ∀ ∀;Α ∀∆;≅∀
8;Τ86∀Ζ76Α;78; ∀;Α∀Φ≅7ΥΨ6∀ Χ;∀=>?≅Α= ∀598=ΥΨ6∀Φ;98=[Γ∀ 6≅∀∆9∆8;Α= ∀=≅86 6≅∀
∆9∆8;Α=∀Χ;∀768=∆∀Χ;∀Β69598=Χ=∀=∀∆;?≅9
=[∀(7Χ95=Υ∴;∆∀Χ≅∀8;Τ86Γ∀ϑ6Χ;Α∀∆; ∀7;>;∀56Α∀=∆∀∀;78
ϑ= ∀=76∀Χ;∀ϑ≅Η>95=ΥΨ6Ε∀ϑ]?97=[Ε∀;Α ∀768=∆∀ Χ;∀ ∀;Α∀ >9∆8=∀
76∀ Φ97=> Χ6∀5=ϑ8≅>6 6≅∀76 Φ9Α ∀Χ6∀ 8Β6 Ζ∀6 76Α; ∀Χ; ∗;Φ;
39Η>96? Λ∀:Θ∀98;Α ∀;∆ϑ;5Φ956[Θ∀%≅?;∀=∀≅89>9Σ=ΥΨ6∀Χ=∆∀768=∆∀Χ;∀
ϑ=?≅Α∀5≅9Χ=Χ6∀56Α∀=∀Φ6
Χ;∆>65=ΑΩ∆;Ε∀=Φ=∆8=7Χ6Ω∆;∀Χ;∀∆≅=∀5Β=Α=Χ=[Θ∀,;∀=5643∗∀χΝΠ_∀δ∀ΜΝΟΠΝΕ∀
=∀ϑ ∀598=ΥΨ6 ∀Χ;∀ ≅Α=∀ Φ678;∀Χ;:;∀8 ∀∆;≅∆∀Χ=Χ6∆∀ 56Αϑ>;86∆∀ Ζ76Α;78;Γ∀
=≅86 6Η >65=>Ε∀;Χ986 ∀=76Ε∀ ϑ]?97=[∀; ∀=∆ ∆≅Η∆;Ρε;78;∆∀ ϑ6Χ;Α ∀∆; ∀
Ζ=≅86;:=∀φ∀5675>≅∆Ψ6Ε∀ϑ6?≅7∆Ε∀Ρ≅;∀5=∀=∆∀
;Τϑ!∀#∃%&!∋!∀#∃%&()∗&+!,∗%∀;78
Η[∀∗;Φ;96?−!∀#∀98;Α∀;∆ϑ;5Φ956Ε∀=∀∆;?≅9
2.11.1 Referências bibliográf‌icas
!78;∆∀Χ;∀8≅Χ6Ε ∀Ι∀9Αϑ6∀Χ;∆8=5=∀;Ρ≅:656∀7=∀≅89>9Σ=ΥΨ6∀Χ;∀ >9∆8=∀∆6Η∀=∀
Χ;76Α97=ΥΨ6∀∆97?;>=∀; ∀=Αϑ>∆∆9Α=∀Χ;∀Η9Η>96?95=
∀,;∆8=Ρ≅;Ω∆;∀Ρ≅; ∀=∀!34/∀ϑ ∀Φ6 Χ;∀ φ∀;∆56>Β=∀Χ6 ∀=≅86 Α676?
∃78Β9Χ=∀≅Α=∀Χ=∆∀Φ6Β6Θ
57
!∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
∀)
∋∗+, (−!
∀%
∃.
∀.
(%/ 0∗(1 %
!∀#∃%∀&∋∃(∀%&)∃#∗+,−
,1
∀#
∗1) ∃/1
,∃
∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
2
∀3
!4−!
5678∀ 6 89:; ∀ 8;5>?6= ≅ 8 Α6∀=6 Α≅=Χ>? Α6 Α>≅=∀ =65>?6=
7>:?8∆≅8=∀Β≅6 8=∀?6∆6?ΓΗ≅Η9≅>:?Ι∆≅Β8=∀ϑ>Η?8=∀;5≅9≅Κ8Α8=∀∀5?8Η89Λ>Μ∀
6∀ 8= >Η?8= Β>∀ϑ>Η?8=∀ Ν;6 76=7> 76 ∀ 5?8Η89Λ> ∆>?87∀
;5≅9≅Κ8Α8=∀Χ69>∀8;5>?ΜΠ∀#>Α6Θ=6∀Α≅Κ6?∀Ν;6∀87Η8=∀Χ>==;67∀∆;∀≅?785≅Σ8∀8Β6?Β8∀
Α8=∀ ∆> ∀ Α>∀ 5?8Η89Λ>Τ Χ6?7≅5≅ ∀8 Ν;67 Ν;6?∀ Ν;6 56 8Β6==> 8>∀ 76=7> 8∀
Β>∀Α8= 76=78= 6 8∀ Β>7Χ?66Τ Χ69> 7856?≅89 ;5≅9≅Κ8Α>Τ∀ Α8 9≅ ∀ Α6∀
?8Β≅>ΒΕ∀8Α>58Α8Π∀,6Σ67Θ=6∀>Η=6?Σ8?Τ∀Ν;8∀Υ=∀76=78=Τ∀=6;=∀69676=∀6∀∆>?78∀
Α6∀Α≅=Χ>=≅ΡΟ>Π∀
8Μ∀∃9676=Φ∀=Ο>∀>=∀Β>7Χ>?78ΡΟ>∀Η≅Η9≅>:?Ι∆≅Β8∀ϑ=6ς8∀∀
?6∆6?Γ Η≅Η9≅>:?Ι∆≅Β8= ∀>; >Η?8=∀ Β> ∀Α≅Σ≅Α67Θ=6∀ 67∀ 6==6 ∀6∀
Β>7Χ9676= ∀6==6∀ 8Ν;696=∀Ν;6∀∀Χ>Α67∀∆8958?Τ∀=6∀
>Η?≅:85Ω?≅>=Τ∀ Χ>?58∀ϑ8;5>?Τ∀5Ε5;9>Τ ∀6Α≅ΡΟ> ∀Ξ ∀8∀Χ8?5≅?∀ Α8∀ ΨΖΤ∀ 9>Β89Τ∀ 6Α≅5>?8Τ∀8∀Α6∀
Χ;Η9≅Β8ΡΟ>ΜΠ∀ )Ι∀ >=∀ 69676= ∀Β>7Χ9676 ∀=Ο>∀ >ΧΒ≅> 6∀ Θ>Η?≅:85Ω?≅>= ∀6∀
Χ>==;67∀ Χ>?∀ ∆; ∀=>76 ∀8;[≅9≅8?∀ Χ8?8∀ ;78 ∀769Λ>? Β8?8Β56?≅Κ8ΡΟ>∀ Α8=∀ >Η?8=∀
ϑ6[67Χ9>=Φ ∀ ΧΙ:≅589 ∀ Α6 ∀ ΧΙ:≅Η?8∴ ∀ ≅ ∀ Α8 ∀=]?≅6Τ∀
Β>96ΡΟ>Τ∀Β8Α6?Τ∀=;Χ9676∴∀≅∀Α>∀ Σ>9;76Τ∀5>7>Τ∀∆8=ΒΕΒ;9>∴∀≅Α≅Β8Α>?∀Α8∀
Χ6?≅>Α≅Β≅Α8Α6∀ Α6 Χ;Η9≅Β8ΡΟ>∀ Ξ ∀=6 ?6Σ≅=58=∴∀≅? Α6∀ Β>9; ∀>;∀ Β8Α6? ∀Ξ =6∀
ς>?
)Ι∀6[≅=567 ∀>=∀Ν;6∀ 8ΑΣ>:87∀ 8∀≅Α]≅8 ∀Α6 ∀Ν;6∀67∀ 58≅=∀9≅=58:6 ∀Α6Σ67∀
Β>Η?8=∀ϑ∆>>:?Ι∆≅Β8=ΜΤ∀=6∀Ν;6∀Α>Β;76=∀Α6Σ67∀56?∀=;8∀∆>
≅?78Α8∀67∀58∀Α6∀?>Α8Χ]∀6∀8=∀≅∆>?78Ρ⊥6=∀>?≅;Τ∀>=∀
8=Π
ΗΜ∀−>7>∀?6∆6?≅?_
/?8Η89Λ8Θ=6 ∀ Β>7 ∀ ΒΛ8Σ6=ΘΧ8Α?Ο>Τ ∀ >; ∀ =6ς8Τ ∀ Χ8?8 ∀ Α656?7≅= ∀ 5≅Χ>= ∀ Α6∀
7856?≅8≅=Τ ∀ =67Χ?6 ∀ >= ∀ 76=7>=∀ 6 9676=Τ ∀ Α≅=Χ>=5>= ∀Α 8 ∀76=78 ∀ ∆>?78 ∀ 6 ∀ Β>7 ∀ 8∀
76=78∀Χ>∀6=∀76=7>=αΠ∀
( ∀8;=Γ∀Α8Α>ΜΤ∀Χ69>∀ 76∀Α>∀8;5>? ∀Ν;6∀Σ≅?Ι∀ 67∀
78≅β=Β;98=∀6∀>= ∀Χ?676=∀67∀ 7≅;78∀ΣΕ?:;98∀ϑ%(χδ!Τ∀)>Ο>∀ %>;Κ8ΜΠ∀
&;8∀>∀76∀Β>≅∀Α6∀Χ8?6∀ϑςβ?Τ∀∆≅9Λ>Τ∀Τ∀65ΒΠΜΤ∀6=56∀
587Η]7∀ =6:;6∀ 67∀ 78≅β=Β;9>∀ 6∀ Χ>?∀ 6[56∀ ϑ%(χδ!∀ 4∃/1Τ∀)>Ο> ∀%>;Κ8ΜΠ ∀%6 ∀>∀
=>Η?676∀Β> ∀ Χ8?5ΕΒ;98= ϑΑ6Τ Α8Τ 65ΒΠΜΤ6==8=∀ 8Χ8?6Β67 ς; 8> Χ?676∀
ϑ%(χδ!Τ∀)>Ο>∀Α8ΜΠ∀&;8∀Λ>;Σ6?∀78≅=∀Α6∀;7∀8;5>?Φ∀8∀Σ8∀Σ6?=Ο>∀Α8∀43∗∀78
Β≅58?∀5>Α>=∀85]∀>∀∀Α6∀5?Γ=Τ∀=6Χ8?8∀>=∀76=∀Χ>?∀Χ>∀6∀ΣΕ?:;98Π∀&;8
Λ>;Σ6?∀78≅=∀Ν;6∀5?Γ=∀8;5>?6=Τ∀Α6Σ6Θ=6∀;5≅9≅Κ8?∀8∀6[Χ?6==Ο>∀985≅!∀#∃%&∀ϑΝ;6∀=≅:
ε6∀>;5?>=φΜ∀9>:>∀8ΧΩ=∀>∀76∀Α>∀Χ?≅76≅?>∀8;5>?∀ϑ%(χδ!Τ∀)>Ο>∀%>;Κ8∀!∀#∃%ΠΜΠ∀&;8∀
ΛΙ ∀ >?:8?6= ∀ >; ∀ Β>>?Α6?6= ∀ ϑ>Η?8= ∀ Β>965≅Σ8=ΜΤ ∀ Β>9>Β8Θ=6 ∀ > ∀ 76 ∀ Α>∀
>?:8?∀?78∀Χ8Α?Ο>∀6∀9>:>∀8ΧΩ=∀≅==>Τ∀6
Α6=≅:∀Β>??6=Χ>!Τ∀)>Ο>∀%>;Κ8∀ϑ>?:ΠΜ∀>;∀ϑΒ>>?ΑΠΜΜΠ
α ∀δ6?∀6[67Χ9>=∀∀8∀γ∀Α6=56∀9≅Σ?>Π
58
!∀#∃%∀&∋∃(∀%&)∃#∗+,−
!∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
∀)
∋∗+ ,(−!
∀%
∃.
∀.
(%/ 0∗(1 %
,1
∀#
∗1)∃ /1
,∃
∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
2
∀3
!4−!
456 ∀ 789756 ∀ 68: ∀ ;;? ∀ ; ∀ =8≅8=8ΑΒ>;Χ∆5 ∀ >Α>Β>; ∀ Ε8Φ5 ∀ Ε=ΓΕ=>5 ∀ 7Η7
Ε=>:8>=;∀Ε;Φ;ϑ=;∀Κ8∀Ε;=7ΗΒ∀;?∀Λ;?∀87ΒΜΝ∀Λ8ϑ8∀68=∀86Β=>7;∀8:∀:;>Ο6Β∀&
; ∀<: class="_ _3"> ∀8Α7>Λ;Λ8 ∀Κ5=Π;Α>Θ;Χ∆5?∀;665Β>;Χ∆5?∀87ΒΜΝ?∀ 68Α5:8∀Λ8ϑ8 ∀68= ∀86Β=>75∀
8:∀:;>Ο6Β
4;6∀7=;Λ >ΑΛ>Β;Σ68∀5∀Α5:8∀Λ5∀7=;Λ∀;∀6>7 ∀Λ8∀78975∀7=;ΛΛ5∀
Φ5Π5∀;ΕΓ6∀5∀7Η7Λ;∀5Τ=;Μ∀1∀Α5:8∀Λ5∀;Ε5=7;Α75?∀Ε8=:;Α8Β8∀Α;∀=8≅8=8ΑΒ>;Χ∆5Μ∀
1∀7Η7Π>Α;Φ∀Λ5∀Φ>ϑ=5 ∀68Π ∀Λ8Ε5>6 ∀Λ8∀=8≅8=8ΑΒ>;Λ;∀75Λ;∀ ;∀ 5Τ=;∀ Κ%(Υς!?∀)5∆5∀
%5∀.875Λ5Φ5Π>; Λ5 ∃Α6>Α5∀)Β5Μ /=;ΛΛ5 ∀Ε5=∀ )56Ω Λ8 1Φ>ϑ8>=;Μ∀ #5=75∀
!Φ8Π=8∀Ξ∀∃,(#∋−∗%?∀ΨΖΖ[Μ∀/=;Λ;∀Λ8∀Φ;∀8Α68∴;ΑΘ;∀ΙΒ;ΝΜ∀
1∀68Π8Φ8:8Α75∀Λ8∀Λ867;] ∀5 ∀7Η7 ∀Λ; ∀5Τ=;Ξ ∀>ΑΛ>Β⊥ΣΦ5 ∀7;Φ ∀Β5:5∀Α;∀
5Τ=;? ∀ :86:5 ∀ ]:>Λ56Μ ∀ &
Λ867;]Ε5Π=;≅>;?∀;∀!34/∀Α∆5∀7=;Θ∀Α;Λ;∀5Τ=>Π;7Γ=>5∀;∀=86Ε8>75∀8∀=8Β5:8ΑΛ;Σ
68∀;∀Φ>Θ;Χ∆5∀Λ5∀Α8Π=>75∀Ε;=;∀7;ΦΜ
4Ο:8=5 ∀ Λ; ∀ 8Λ>Χ∆5Ξ ∀ ; ∀ Ε=>:8>=; ∀ 8Λ>Χ∆5 ∀ Α∆5 ∀ Ε=8Β>6; ∀ 68= ∀ :8ΑΒ>5Α;Λ;?∀
6;∀;;∀Λ8∀>ΑΛ>Β;Χ∆5∀=8≅8=8Σ68∀∀αβ∀8Λ>Χ∆5Μ ∀(ΑΛ>Β;Σ68?∀;∀ Ε;=7>=∀
Λ;∀Ψβ?∀Β5: ∀;ΦΠ;=>6:5 ∀;=⊥Τ>Β5 ∀68ΠΛ5∀Λ8∀ Ε5Α75∀ 8∀ Λ;∀;Τ=8ϑ>;7 ∀ΚΨΜ8ΛΜΝΜ ∀%8∀
ε5:56?∀;7Θ;ΧΡ86∀8∀=8ϑ>6Ρ86?∀86686∀7;:ΤΩ:∀Ε5Λ8:∀68=∀>Α≅5=:;Λ56∀Α;∀
68]φ_ΑΒ>;∀ΚΨΜ8ΛΜ∀=8ϑΜ∀8∀;7ΘΜΝΜ∀/;Φ∀>ΑΛ>Β;Χ∆5∀Β5Α67;=⊥∀Φ5Π5∀;ΕΓ6∀5∀7Η7
,;Λ56∀Λ8 ∀Β5Α7897Θ;Χ∆5? ∀7;>6∀ Β5:5∀ Φ5Β;Φ?∀8Λ>75=;∀8 ∀;Α5∀ Λ;∀ΕΒ;Χ∆5Ξ∀5∀
Φ5Β;Φ∀ΚΒ>Λ;Λ8Ν∀Ω∀68Ε;=;Λ5∀Λ5∀Α5:8∀Λ;∀8Λ>75=;∀Ε5=∀Λ5>6∀Ε5Α756∀Κ∀Ξ∀Ν∀8∀867;∀Λ5∀;Α5∀Ε5=∀
ϑΗ=ΠΑ;Φ>Θ;ΑΛ5∀Β5:∀<: class="_ _3">Κ%∆5∀#;∀&;Λ5∀
≅5=∀ Λ86Β5Αε8Β>Λ5 5∀Α∆5 >Α≅5=:;Λ5? =8Π=>67=;:Σ68∀ 8: 68∀=86Ε8Β7>ϑ56 Φ5Β;>6 8∀
;Τ=8ϑ>;Λ;:8Α78 ∀ ;6 ∀ 68ΠΑ786 ∀ 89Ε=866Ρ86Ξ ∀ 6ΜΦΜ ∀ Κ68: ∀ Φ5Β;ΦΝ? ∀ 6ΜΑΜ ∀ Κ68: ∀ Α5:8 ∀ Λ8∀
8Λ>75=;Ν?∀6ΜΛΜ∀Κ68:∀Λ;7;ΝΜ
!6 ∀ ≅5Α786 ∀ 8Φ87=γΑ>Β;6? ∀ Α57;Λ;:8Α78 ∀ ; ∀ >Α78=Α87 ∀ Κ68: ∀ Λ86Ε=8Θ5 ∀ Λ56 ∀ Βε;76?∀
Β5==8>56 ∀ 8Φ87=γΑ>Β56 ∀ 8 ∀ Φ>67;6 ∀ Λ8 ∀ Λ>6ΒΛ5 ∀ Τ;67;Α78 ∀ Φ>Θ;Λ;6 ∀ Ε;=;∀
Β5Α6Λ;Λ5∀Λ8ϑ8∀68=∀75:;Λ5∀Α8668∀;6Ε8Β75Μ∀#=>:8>=;:8Α78? ∀Ε;=;∀≅>Α6∀
Λ8∀Β5:Ε=5ϑ;ΧΡ86∀8∀;7Ω∀:86:5 ∀Π;=;Α7>;∀Λ5∀Ε86]6;Λ5=?∀Λ8ϑ8Σ68∀Ε=5Β:Ε=>:>=∀
5∀ :;78=>;Φ Β5Α6 5 ∀ 6;Φϑ⊥ΣΦ5∀ 8: ;=]ϑ5∀ΚΒΛ;= Ε;=;∀Α∆5 6;Φϑ;=∀;Ε8Α;6 5∀
;7;Φε5Ν?∀ϑ>675∀] ∀] ∀ε5Ι8 ∀867⊥∀Α;∀ >Α78=Α87∀ Ε5Λ8∀ ;:;Αε∆∀ Α∆5∀ 867;=∀:;>6∀5
6>Λ5 ∀ 68Α6>ϑ8Φ:8Α78 ∀ ;Φ78=;Λ5Μ ∀ 16 ∀ 8Φ8:8Α756 ∀ Λ8∀ 7;Φ ∀ =8≅8=_ΑΒ>; ∀ 6∆5 ∀ 56 ∀ 68ΠΑ786Ξ∀
41.∃?∀ #=8Α5:8Μ∀ /Η7%./0& 12& (03.4/5? ∀Υ5Β;Φ? ΑΟ:8=5?∀ Λ;7;?∀ ,>6Ε5ΑΗϑ8Φ ∀8:Ξ∀
ηΜΜΜιΜ∀!Β8665∀8:Ξ
∃9>678: ∀ Λ5>6 ∀ 6>678:;6 ∀ Λ8 ∀ 5=Λ8Α;Χ∆5 ∀ Λ;6 ∀ =8≅8=_ΑΒ>;6Ξ ∀ 5 ∀ Α<:>Β5 ∀ 8 ∀ 5∀
;Φ≅;ΤΩ7>Β5?∀8∀Λ8ϑ8Σ68∀8Φ8Π8=∀<:>
ϕ∀#8Φ5 ∀6>678:;∀ Α<:>Β5?∀;6 ∀=8≅8=_ΑΒ>;6∀Λ8ϑ8:∀;Ε;=8Β8=∀Α; ∀:86:;∀ 5=Λ8:∀
Λ5∀78975? ∀Β5:∀ΑΟ:8=56∀ ;=⊥Τ>Β56∀ Κ68Ε;=;Λ56∀Λ5∀Α5:8 ∀Λ5∀; Ε5=∀<: class="_ _3"> ∀8:∀
Τ=;ΑΒ5ΝΜ∀! ∀:;=Π8: ∀Λ; 68Π Φ>Αε;∀8: ∀Λ>;Α78 Λ8ϑ8∀ 867;= ∀;Φ>Αε;Λ; Α;∀ Ε=>:8>=;∀
Φ87=;∀ Κ8∀ Α∆5∀ :;>6∀ Α;∀ 78=Β8>=;?∀ Β5:5∀ ;Α786∀ 867;Τ8Φ8Β>;∀ ;∀ Α5=:;ΝΜ ∀45=:;Φ:8Α78∀ Ω∀
59
!∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
∀)
∋∗+, (−!
∀%
∃.
∀.
(%/ 0∗(1 %
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2
∀3
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567879:;: ∀:? ∀>≅Α≅>ΒΧ∆7:? ∀Ε7Ε87ΓΑ7∆:?Η∀ 1 ∀≅?=:Ι:ϑ≅Χ6≅ ∀:? ∀87ΧΚ:? ∀?≅>Γ∀
?7ϑ=8≅?∀≅∀Κ:Λ≅>Γ∀5ϑ:∀87ΧΚ:∀:∀ϑ:7?∀Μ5ϑ∀!∀#!∃Ν∀≅Χ6>≅∀5ϑ:∀>≅Α≅>ΒΧ∆7:∀≅∀:Η
Ο∀#≅8≅Α≅>ΒΧ∆7:?∀?Ρ≅5Χ7;:?∀≅ϑ∀;≅ϑ∀:8Α:ΕΠ67∆:∀≅∀
?≅ϑ∀Χ5ϑ≅>:ΙΡ :∀?≅Φ5Χ;:∀87ΧΚ:∀Χ:∀ϑ:>Φ≅ϑ∀≅?Σ5≅>;:∀Μ
Σ5:8Σ5≅> ∀ >≅∆5 ∀4ϑ:8ϑ≅Χ6≅ ∀ Π ∀ 567879:;: ∀ :? ∀ :? ∀ ∆∀1
≅?=:Ι:ϑ≅Χ6≅∀ :?∀87ΧΚ:?∀Π∀?7ϑ=8≅?∀≅∀567879:Υ?≅∀5ϑ:∀87ΧΚ: ∀≅ϑ∀Ε>:Χ∆ ∀≅Χ6>≅∀5ϑ:∀
:∀≅∀:Η∀
4:∀87?6:Φ≅ϑ∀;≅∀Ε>:?∀∆Σ5:Χ;:56∀Α∀∆76:;ϑ:7?∀ ;≅∀5ϑ:∀
Λ≅9Θ ∀ ≅ϑ ∀ :? ∀ ;7?67Χ6:?ς ∀ ?5Ε?67657> ∀ ?≅5 ∀ Χ ∀ 5ϑ ∀ 6>:Ι ∀?≅7?∀
≅?=:Ι67> ∀ ;: ∀ ΩΞ ∀ >≅Α≅>ΒΧ∆7:Η ∀ ,: ∀ ϑ≅?ϑ: ∀ Αϑ:Θ ∀ = ∀=:>:∀
?5Ε?67657>∀ 6Ψ658∀:∀>≅Α≅>≅Χ∆7:;: ∀ϑ:7?∀ ;≅∀5ϑ:∀ Λ≅9∀ΜΣ5:Χ;∀=∀≅Ζ≅ϑ=8
∆:ϑ∀;5:?∀≅;7Ι[≅?∀;7?67Χ6:?∀;≅∀5ϑ∀ϑ≅?ϑ
Ο∀4:?∀Χ∀;≅∀>:56Υ;:6:Θ∀ ;:∀=ΓΦ7Χ:∀Μ∀
6>≅∆Κ ;≅∀ =ΓΦ7Χ:?Ν∀ ;≅∀ ∀>≅67>:; ∀ ∀6≅Ζ6 7;Π7:∀ ;≅Λ≅∀ ?≅>∀7ΧΑϑ:; ∀)Γ Χ:?∀
87?6:Φ≅Χ?∀;:Ε:8Κ
Ο∀∃Ζ=>≅??[≅? ∀8:67Χ:?ς ∀∆57;:>∀: 567879ΓΥ8:?Θ∀ 6≅Χ;:∀∆≅>6≅9: ∀;≅∀ ?≅5∀ =≅>Α≅76
≅ΧΣ5:;>:ϑ≅Χ6⊥_ς∀
∀%&∋(ς∀∆76:;Θ∀∆ϑ≅Θ∀?≅Φ5Χ;
∀)(!∗+)(,∀ς∀Ν
∀)−)(!∗∀)−Ης∀ΧΘ∀Χ:∀ϑ≅?ϑ:∀:
∀.&∋/+0)#%#∋∗∀.&,+0)#,ς∀:∀ΤΓ∀∆76:;:∀::Ε:8Κ
∀ &%//)∗ς∀ :Σ57∀ ∀:87Θ ≅ϑ∀ ;7Λ≅>?:?∀ =:??:Φ≅Χ? ∀ΜΣ5:Χ; ?≅∀ 567879:ϑ∀;7Λ≅>?∀
6>≅∆Κ∀;≅∀5ϑ:∀;≅6≅>ϑ7Χ:;:∀:Ν
∀1.0.+0)#%#.∀∀2.0,+0)#,ς∀Χ∀∆76:;≅∆Κ;≅∀=ΓΦ7Χ:?∀;≅∀:∀
ΤΓ∀∆76:;:Ν
∀3!4∋!∀#)%∀!#+/!4,ς∀?≅Φ57Χ6≅Θ∀Σ5≅∀?≅Φ5≅Θ∀:?∀=>αΖ7ϑ:?∀Μ=ΓΦ7Χ:?Ν
2.12 Folha de Aprovação
∃8≅ϑ≅Χ67Φ:6α>767>∀;:∀43∗∀βχδΩχΘ∀ΧΡϑ:6∀=:;>Ρ
ϑ:?∀?7ϑ∀≅8≅ϑ≅Χ6∀ΕΓ?7∆ς
:Ν∀4∀;:Ε:8Κ
ΕΝ∀/Ψ658:Ε:8Κ∀≅Ζ6≅Χ?≅Λ7:65>:?Ν
∆Ν∀4:65>≅9:∀≅∀Α7Χ:87;:;≅∀;:Ε:8Κ
⊥_ ∀ε∃4∗(&∋∃%Θ∀!Χ6 ∀.∃,∃(∗1%Θ∀) ∀3∆./0/123453 &0/&∗627/ &89&!5295:/;∀ %Ρ ∀!68:?Θ∀
β___Η∀=Ηβ_βΥδΗ
60
!∀#∃%∀&∋∃(∀%&)∃#∗+,−
!∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
∀)
∋∗+ ,(−!
∀%
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∀.
(%/ 0∗(1 %
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2
∀3
!4−!
56∀789:;∀?8≅:ΑΒ8
8Γϑ:ΧΦΓ:58?:
−8ΓΕΗ;=:?∆∀Ε
2.13 Dedicatórias
∃;9Φ8Γ:;Λ∀
,∀=?:Ι:;Μ8∀:∀:;ΝΗΟΧ∀ ∀>?∀:;ΝΗΟΧ∆∀ ≅Φ?=Η5
5∀>8?∀ΕΗ:∀ΦΧ>8?=ΡΓ9Φ:∀8Η∀8Η=?8Ε∀Χ8=Φ≅8Ε∀5
>:∀5∀Ν
> Ε∀Ι∀>8Γ=Η:;∀ΠΗ:Γ=8∀:8Ε∀ Χ8=Φ≅8ΕΛ∀−ΗΦ5:?∀>:?:∀ΓΒ8∀98ΓςΗΓ5Φ?∀ 98Χ∀8Ε∀
:Ν?:5:?: ∀ : ∀
Η=Φ;ΦΣ:ΑΒ8∀:>ΚΝΦΓ:∀Ω8Η∀ΗΧ∀ΠΗ:5?:Γ=
2.14 Agradecimentos
∃;9Φ8Γ:;Λ∀
#85 :Ν?:5 ∀ΥΕ∀ >∀ ∀ ∀ΠΗ ∀98;:Ι8?:?:Χ∀ 5
>:?:∀ :∀ ∀58∀ /?:Ι:;Μ8∀!9:5ΞΧΦ98 8Η∀ >:?: ∀8 =Ο?ΧΦΓ8∀ 58 ∀9Η?Ε8∆ 58∀ ΠΗ:;∀
Γ8?Χ:;Χ
:Ν?:5 5 Ε∀ Ι? ΕΦΓ98∆∀ ΦΓ5Φ9:Γ58∀ 8Ε∀ Χ8=Φ≅8Ε∀ 58∀ :Ν?:5
ΩΕ >8ΕΕΖ≅ ∀=:ΧΙΟΧ :ΠΗΦ∆ ∀=:ΦΕ Χ8=Φ≅8Ε ∀ΕΒ8 5 8?5 ∀ > !98ΓΕ 8∀
:;ΦΓΜ:Χ 5Φ?:?:∀:∀ Η=Φ;ΦΣ:ΑΒ8∀:>:∀Χ?∀5:∀
>ΚΝΦΓ:∀ΩΗΧ∀ΠΗ:5?:Γ=
2.15 Epígrafe (Pensamento ou Frase de Efeito)
∃;9Φ8Γ:;Λ∀
,
?∀98Γ=Ε∀98;89:5:∀ΓΗΧ:∀ς8;Μ:∀Ε:?:5:∆∀Γ8∀ΦΓΖ9Φ8∀58∀
=?:Ι:;Μ8∀Ω:98ΓΕΕ 8 :;ΦΓΜ:Χ ∀ 5: 5Φ? ∀>:?:∀ : :∀Η=Φ;ΦΣ:ΑΒ8∀
:>ΚΝΦΓ:∆ ∀ ΗΧ ∀ ΠΗ:5?:Γ=ΤΕ ∀ : ∀ >ΚΝΦΓ: ∀ 58Ε∀
:Ν?:58Η∀:=Ο∀Χ ∀Γ8 ∀ΦΓΖ9Φ8∀5 9:5:∀ 9:>Ζ=Η;8∆∀ ΠΗ:Γ58∀8Ε∀
5Φ≅ΖΝ?:ς
0∀ΦΓ98ΧΗΧ∀ 5∀> ∀:≅:;Φ:58?:Ε∀ΦΓΦ9Φ:?∀8Η∀98Γ9;ΗΦ?∀
9:>Ζ=Η;8Ε∀5ΖΝ?:ς
2.16 Resumo em Português
∃;8?∀ς8?Α:∀5:∀43∗∀⊥_α_Λ∀β;=ΦΧ8∀Φ=∀Ε∀
Γ:∀Χ8Γ8Ν?:ςΦ:Λ
61
!∀#∃%&!#!∋()∗)∗&!∀+,)∗−−−
.∗∃/0/123456∗37∗89:∗21;∗9::∗52?∗≅Α4∗!∀!#∃6∗Β9:∗2∗89:∗52?Χ
.∗&7?∆0/5∗4∗1702Ε∗37∗Φ4502∗3/5712
.∗∋Γ4∗?7∗57Φ75/5∗24?∗Η2−∗/Α1543∆ϑΓ4Χ
.∗%Κ45325∗ 1∆34∗4∗Λ∆7 ∗3/Μ ∗57? 24∗1702Ε∗32?∗/Α32Ν2ϑΟ7? ∗/Α/Η/2/? ∗Π?∗
Η4ΑΗ=∆?Ο7?−
.∗Θ252∗Φ2Η/=/125Ε∗4∗=7/145∗ΑΓ4∗175Ρ∗2Η7??4∗24∗152Κ2=Σ4∗7∗37>75Ρ∗
Η40
%∗Θ
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()
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#4Α?/?17 ∗ Α2 ∗ 22Α17? ∗ 34 ∗ 152Κ2=Σ4− ∗ )∗
57?∆04 ∗ 37>7 ∗ 325 ∗ ∆02 ∗ >/?Γ4 ∗ 5Ρ32 ∗ 7 ∗ Η=252 ∗ 34 ∗ Η4Α17⊥34 ∗ 7 ∗ 32? ∗ Η4ΑΗ=∆?Ο7? ∗ 34∗
152Κ2=Σ4−∗#4Α?1/1∆/Υ?7∗Α∆02 ∗?7Λ_ΤΑΗ/2∗ 37∗Φ52?7?∗Κ57>7?Ε ∗4Κ71/>2?∗ 7∗7α1570207Α17∗
Η4ΑΗ217Α232?Ε ∗3/?∗70 Φ450214 37 17α14 ≅7∗ΑΓ4 37 1βΗ4?ΧΕ ΑΓ4
∆=152 9:: 52?∗ 7 ∗ ∗ 37∗89:− Ζ750/Α2Α34Υ?7∗7??7∗ Κ=4Η4 ∗37 17α14Ε∗
37>7Υ?7∗2Κ5/5∗Α4>2∗=/ΑΣ2∗=2Αϑ25∗2?∗52?ΥΗΣ2>7 ∗7χ4∆∗37?Η5/1457?∗34∗152Κ2=Σ4∗
≅2∗ Φ/0∗ 37∗ ∗?∆2 ∗Η212=4Ν2ϑΓ4ΧΕ∗ Η4ΑΦ4507∗ 2∗∋]& ∗δ:8ε− #∆/325∗ ΑΓ4∗
Φ2Μ75∗34∗57?∆04∗∆02∗0/Α//Α1543∆ϑΓ4Ε∗Ρ∗Λ∆7∗2?∗Φ∆ΑϑΟ7?∗37∗20Κ4?∗?Γ4∗3/?1/Α12?−
∋4?∗152Κ2=Σ4? ∗37∗ 07Α45∗ ∗Η404∗ 4?∗452 ∗ΗΣ20234? !∀!#∃%∗≅152Κ2=Σ4?∗37∗
3/?Η/∗57?∆04∗70∗37∗Β9:∗2∗
89:∗52?−
2.17 Resumo em Língua Estrangeira
!=707Α14∗4Κ5/Ν21β5/4Ε∗120Κ;0∗∗Φ45ϑ2∗32∗∋]&∗Βφγ8φ− ∗Ζ5212Υ?7∗32∗>75?Γ4∗
34∗57?∆04 70 /3/402 37 3/>∆=Ν2ϑΓ4 /Α175Α2Η/4Α2= ≅/ΑΝ=Τ?Ε∗7?4=∗ 7 Φ52ΑΗΤ?Ε∗
%=Ν∆02?∗ /Α?1/1∆/ϑΟ7?∗ 37∗7Α?/Α4 ∗?∆ ∗Α4 ∗&/4 η52Α37∗ 34∗ ∀∆=∗
)Κ?75>25 ∗ Λ∆7 ∗ 4 ∗ /3/402 ∗ ?72 ∗ ∆?∆2= ∗ 7 ∗ 04375Α4− ∗ (7>7 ∗ 120Κ;0 ∗ >/5 ∗ ?7Ν∆/34 ∗ 32?∗
52?∗572?∗34∗Η4Α17⊥34∗34∗152Κ2=Σ4∗≅52?ΥΗΣ2>7∗7χ4∆∗37?Η5/1457?ΧΕ∗
1523∆Μ/32?∗
) ∗ 57?∆04 ∗ 70 ∗ /3/402 ∗ 7?152ΑΝ7/54 ∗ 120Κ;0 ∗ 4 ∗ 37∗ Η 5Ι1/Η2?∗ 7∗
Η4557ϑΟ7?ι∗
2.18 Surio
!=707Α14∗4Κ5/Ν21β5/4−∗
!Α∆0752 ∗ 2? ∗ /?Ο7?Ε ∗ ?7ϑΟ7? ∗ 7 ∗ 4∆152? ∗ ∗Α2∗
07?02 ∗ 45370 ∗ 7 ∗ Ν52Φ/2 ∗ 70 ∗ Λ∆7 ∗ 2 ∗ 021;5/2 ∗ Α7=7 ∗ ?7 ∗ ?∆Η 737Ε ∗ 2Η40
62
!∀!#!∃%&∋(!∋∋!∃)∗+∗∋(,+(∗∃%−&,./0&(123(−&%!∗−&(,+(
∗∃%−&,./0&45
6(7389:;:=(?2(9≅Α=
6(ΒΧ2∆Ε≅Α=8(=(8≅Χ≅Α(Χ≅82Ε>:?28
6(Φ:ΓΗ9≅8≅8(Ε≅>=Ι9=?=8
6(&∆ϑ≅9:>28(
6(Β=Ι2ΧΝΑ:
6(#Υ92?28(≅(9Υ
6(Β=ΧςΜΧ=;2(?≅(;:Ι=Ε:Ω=ΞΨ2Π
!∀#∃%∀&∋∃(∀%&)∃#∗+,−
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Π
& ( χ:Ι?2δ8εδ2Χ? ( Γ2883: ( Χ≅
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≅Ι9Χ≅(3Α=(8≅ΞΨ2(≅(239Χ=(Α=:8(3Α=(Ε:ΙΟ=(123(Α=:8(3Α(!∀#!∃
2.19 Introdução
.Α( ?28 (≅Ε≅Α≅Ι928 ( ΓΧ:Ι<: class="_ _3"> (?2 ( 9Χ=∆=ΕΟ2Π(,≅>≅ (8≅Χ( ;≅:9=Ρ (=88:Α ( =8(
./0123&./&/456175.1& 81.1&1&87565491:(Α=8(=Ι9≅8(?2(Χ≅83Α2Π(∗Ι9Χ2?3ΩΡ(
Ε:9≅Χ=ΕΑ≅Ι9≅Ρ( 2( Ε≅:92Χε=>=Ε:=?2Χ(Ι2 (=883Ι92 (≅893?=?2Ρ( ΙΨ2( 8≅Α( =Ι9≅8(=ΓΧ≅8≅Ι9=Χ (=8(
ϑ389:;:=8 ( 1Χ≅8Μ=9=Χ ( 2 ( ΓΕ=Ι2 ( ?≅ ( ≅893?28ΛΓΧ2ϑ≅924 ( Γ=Χ= ( = ( Γ≅8Κ3:8=Ρ ( =(
:ΑΓ2Χ9ΝΙ<: class="_ _3"> ( ?≅(8≅3 ( ≅893?2 ( 1Ι≅88= ( 2Χ?≅Α5 ( Γ=Χ= ( =(82<: class="_ _3"> ( Γ=Χ= ( 2(
Α3Ι?2(ϑ3Χφ?: (≅( Γ=Χ= ( 2 ( Γ≅8Κ3:8=?2Χ4 ( ( Α≅92?2Ε2Μ:= ( ≅ΑΓΧ≅Μ=?= ( Ι=(
Γ≅8Κ3:8=Ρ(≅Ι9Χ≅ ( 239Χ28 ( :9≅Ι8Π(Ζ3=Ι92 ( ι ( 83=(≅ϕ9≅Ι8Ψ25 ( ΙΨ2 ( ?≅>≅ (9≅Χ( =Γ≅Ι=8 ( Α≅:=(
ΓςΜ:Ι=Ρ(9=ΑΓ23 (Θκ(ΓςΜ:Ι=8Π()2Ι8≅Ι82(≅Ι9Χ≅(=392Χ≅8(:Ι?:(Κ3≅(ΙΨ2(8≅( Γ2?≅Ρ(≅Α(
Ο:ΓΗ9≅8≅( =ΕΜ3Α=Ρ(3Ε9Χ=Γ=88=Χ (Θαλ ( ?=8( ΓςΜ:Ι=8( ?2 (9Χ=∆=ΕΟ2Ρ (Χ≅ Κ3≅(8≅(
;:Κ3≅(=2(Χ≅?2Χ(?≅(Τεκ(ΓςΜ:Ι=8Π(∃Ψ2(;=Ω≅Χ(<:9 class="_ _3">Ψ2(39:Ε:Ω=Χ(Ι29=8( ?≅(Χ2?=ΓΥ(Ι=(
:Ι9Χ2?3ΞΨ2Π(
2.20 Conclusão
,:8Α3:92(= (?= (9≅ΧΑ:Ι2Ε2Μ:= ()&∃)∀.∋0&Ρ ( (=2(
9≅ΧΑ2()&∃∋∗,!−+/µ!∋(ν∗∃+∗∋Π(∋≅Μ3Ι?2(28(?≅;≅Ι82Χ≅8(?=(8≅Μ3Ι?=(=Ε9≅ΧΙ=9:>=Ρ(
3Α(9Χ=∆=ΕΟ2(==(2∆Χ:Μ=ΞΨ2(?≅(Ε≅>=Χ(2(=Ε3Ι2(=(
=(≅Ε=∆2Χ=Χ(82∆Χ≅(8≅3(2∆ϑ≅92(?≅(≅893?2(=ΕΜ3Α=8((;:Ι=Εφ89:
Κ3≅(2 (=Ε3Ι2( ≅89=∆≅Ε≅Ξ=((2Χ:≅Ι9=?2Χ( Κ3=Ε(2 (Γ=?ΧΨ2( =(8≅Χ (39:Ε:Ω=?2Ρ(ϑς(Κ3≅(=(
63
!∀!#!∃%&∋ (!∋∋!∃)∗+∗∋ ( ,+ ( )&∃)∀−∋.& ( /01 ( 2&%!∗2& ( ,+(
)&∃)∀−∋.&3
4()056789:;08?≅5Α7:(=0(?Β9:
4()056789:;Ε?ΒΧΒΧ
4(+ΦΑ:5ΑΒ(/01(5
4(,767Α1Φ=:=ΒΧ(Β5Α05?8:=:Χ(=18:5?Β(:(>ΒΧϑ17Χ:ΚΒΦ:Γ08:;(=0(?8:Γ:Φ∆0
4()05ΑΦ1ΧΛΒΧ(>80>87:9Β5?Β(=7?:Χ
4(/∗53ΒΧΜ0?:Γ7Φ7=:=ΒΚ=75:97Α7=:=Β(=0(?Β9:(Β(>:8ΝΜ8:60(=Β(675:Φ7Ο:;
+(Π
!∋Θ− ∗∋+
−2Σ, ∗)+
(∋
!#
(#
∗∋% Τ2∗&
!∀#∃%∀&∋∃(∀%&)∃#∗+,−
,&
2&Ρ !%&
(
,!
!∋Θ− ∗∋+
(
Υ
+∃)+
+ς∃%(Χ7ΦΒ5Α7:(:(8ΒΧ>Β7?0(/Β9Γ08:(0(7?Β9(ΩΞΨΞΖ(=:(∃ς2([Ω∴ΨΩ(8Β678:(]Α05ΑΦ1ΧΛΒΧ⊥3Ξ(
,ΒΧ?:Α:_ΧΒ( >08( 0>08?150(ϑ1Β(0 (?Β890 (=ΒΧ?75:_ΧΒ (:0 (?8:Γ:Φ∆0( Β( 5 :0( :1?08( 01(
ΧΒΗ:(α(=0(ΒΧ>:;0(=Β(6ΒΑ∆:9Β5?0(=0(?8:Γ:Φ∆0(ϑ1Β(ΧΒ(ΒΧ?Ν(6:Φ:5=0(Β(5
ΧΒ1(:1?08Ξ(%:9Γα9( :ϑ17(5(Φ:5;:8Ν(9(Α7?:;ΛΒΧ( ΒΚ01(50?:Χ (=Β( 80=:>αΞ(,:(
9ΒΧ9:(6089:( ϑ1Β ( 5: ( 75?80=1; ( 0 ( >:=8 ( Ζ ( : ( β ( >ΝΜ75:Χ ( α ( 0 ( 7=Β:ΦΞ (Π80Α18:8(
:>8ΒΧΒ5?:8(:Χ(Α05ΑΦ1ΧΛΒΧ(Χ0Γ8Β(0(?Β9:(8ΒΧΜ:?:5=0(ΧΒ1(>80ΓΦΒ9:(757Α7:Φ(Β(75=7Α:5=0(
:Χ ( 8ΒΧ>0Χ?:Χ ( ϑ1Β ( ΧΒ ( Β5Α05?8:8:9Ξ ( Τ ( >Β897?7=0 ( :887ΧΑ:8 ( 75=7Α:5=0 ( ϑ1:7Χ ( :Χ(
>Β8Χ>ΒΑ?7Ι:Χ(=Β(61?180(>:8:(0(?Β9:(ΒΧ?1=:=0Ξ
2.21 Montando a Monograf‌ia
−9: ( 9050Μ8:67: ( ?Β8Ν ( ΧΒ1Χ ( ΒΦΒ9Β5?0Χ ( 08Μ:57Ο:=0Χ ( Β9 ( ?8χΧ ( ΓΦ0Α0Χ ( ϑ1Β(
Α19>8Β9(=76Β8Β5?ΒΧ(615;ΛΒΧΞ(
&( >879Β780( ΓΦ0Α0( α( Α09>0Χ?0 (>ΒΦ0Χ (Α∆:9:=0Χ (ΒΦΒ9Β5?0Χ( >8α_?Βδ?1:7Χ( ϑ1Β(
?χ9( >08( 0ΓΗΒ?7Ι0( 80?Β787Ο:8 (8ΒΧ1978 (0 (ϑ1Β 78Ν(5:Χ( >ΝΜ75:Χ( ΧΒΜ175?ΒΧ( /Χ(ΒΦΒΧε(
Α:>:(60Φ∆:(=Β(80Χ?0(67Α∆:(Α:?:Φ0Μ8Ν67Α:(?Β890(=Β(:>80Ι:;(8ΒΧ190(Β9(>08?1Μ1χΧ(
8ΒΧ190(Β9(01?80(7=709:(Χ19Ν870(Β(Φ7Χ?:Χ(=7ΙΒ8Χ:Χ3Ξ
64
!∀#∃%∀&∋∃(∀%&)∃#∗+,−
!∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
∀)
∋∗+ ,(−!
∀%
∃.
∀.
(%/ 0∗(1 %
,1
∀#
∗1)∃ /1
,∃
∀#
∃%&∋ (%!
2
∀3
!4−!
15∀676869:;5∀:6<:>?5≅∀>∀5=>∀Α6Β≅∀Χ;95:?:=68∀;∀Χ;∆>ΕΦ; ∀Γ>∀8;9;Η∆>Ι?>ϑ∀9676∀
65:Φ;∀>5∀?ΓΚ?>5 ∀Γ6∀56=∀ >=:;∆≅∀56=5∀>∆Η=869:;5∀ 6∀>∆:?Χ=7>ΕΦ;∀Λ?9:∆;Γ=ΕΦ;≅∀Χ>ΜΝ:=7;5∀6∀
Χ;9Χ7=5Φ;ΟΠ
15∀ΧΘ>8>Γ;5∀676869:;5∀ΜΡ5Σ:6<:>?5∀:Τ8 ∀>∀Ι=9ΕΦ;∀Μ∆?8;∆Γ?>7 ∀Γ6∀Μ6∆8?:?∆∀>∀
Χ;9Ι6∆Τ9Χ?> ∀ Γ> ∀ :∆?7Θ> ∀ 86:;Γ;7ΡΗ?Χ> ∀ 56Η=?Γ> ∀ 6≅ ∀ >?9Γ>≅ ∀ Γ6 ∀ >Χ∆65Χ69:>∆ ∀ Ι;9: 65 ∀ >;∀
:∆>Υ>7Θ;∀Λ∆6Ι6∆Τ9Χ?>5∀Υ?Υ7?;Η∆ςΙ?Χ>5∀6Ω;=∀;Υ∆>5∀Χ;95=7:>Γ>5≅∀>ΜΤ9Γ?Χ65∀6∀>96
!∀ 8;9;Η∆>Ι?> ∀ :6∆ς≅ ∀ Μ;∆:>9:;≅ ∀ ;5 ∀ 676869:;5 ∀ > ∀56Η=?∆ ∀ ?9Γ?Χ>Γ;5ΞΨ∀ 9> ∀6:>∀
;∆Γ68∀Γ>∀7?5:>Η68Π∀4;:6Σ56∀Ζ=6∀>7Η=95∀Λ?9Γ?Χ>Γ;5∀Χ;8∀>5:6∆?5Χ;5Ο∀5Φ;∀Ι>Χ=7:>:?Α;5[
>Ο∀−>Μ>
ΥΟ∀∴;7Θ>∀Γ6∀∗;5:;∀Λ68∀56=∀Α6∆5;[∀∴?ΧΘ>∀−>:>7;Η∆ςΙ?Χ>ΟΞ]
ΧΟ∀/6∆8;Ω∴;7Θ>∀Γ6∀!Μ∆;Α>ΕΦ;
ΓΟ∀,6Γ?Χ>:Ρ∆?>5⊥
6Ο∀!Η∆>Γ6Χ?869:;5⊥
ΙΟ∀∃ΜΝΗ∆>Ι6⊥
ΗΟ∀∗65=8;∀68∀Μ;∆:=Η=Τ5
ΘΟ∀∗65=8;∀68∀?Γ?;8>∀65:∆>9Η6?∆;
?Ο∀_?5:>5⊥
Ο∀%=8ς∆?;
αΟ∀(9:∆;Γ=ΕΦ;
7Ο∀,6569Α;7Α?869:;∀Γ;∀/∆>Υ>7Θ;∀ΛΧ>ΜΝ:=7;5Ο
8Ο∀−;9Χ7=5Φ;
9Ο∀∗6Ι6∆Τ9Χ?>5∀3?Υ7?;Η∆ςΙ?Χ>5Ω1Υ∆>5∀−;95=7:>Γ>5
;Ο∀!ΜΤ9Γ?Χ65Ω!96
ΞΨ ∀ #>∆ > ∀ ;5 ./.012& Γ?5Μ695>8Σ56 ∀ >5 ∀ 76:∆>5 !∀#∃∀ # %∀ # &∀ # ∋∀ # (∀ # ) Π ∀ 1 ∀ Γ6569Α;7Α?869:; ∀ Ι>∆Σ56Σς ∀ 68 ∀ :ΡΜ?Χ;5∀
56Ζβ69Χ?>Γ;5∀6∀;∀∆65=8;∀:6∆ς∀Γ6∀]χΨ∀>∀δχΨ∀Μ>7>Α∆>5≅∀>Μ69>5∀68∀Μ;∆:=Η=Τ5Π
Ξ] ∀!55?8∀Χ;8;∀>∀_;8Υ>Γ>≅∀>∀∴?ΧΘ>∀−>:>7;Η∆ςΙ?Χ>∀Κ∀676869:;∀;Υ∆?Η>:Ρ∆?;∀>Μ69>5∀68∀,?556∆:>Εε65∀6∀/6565Π
65

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