AutorSilva, Ana Paula Procopio da

This issue of the journal Em Pauta - Social Theory and Contemporary Reality continues the practice of inviting a guest for editing the thematic dossiers, within its editorial flow. Thus, issue 49, entitled Mental Health Policy, Anti-Asylum Struggle, and the Psychosocial Care Model in Brazil: regression, resistance, and contemporary challenges, was organized by two guests: Professor Ana Paula Procopio da Silva, who is part of State University of Rio de Janeiro's School of Social Work, Multiprofessional Residency Program in Mental Health, and Postgraduate Program in Social Work; and Professor Marco José de Oliveira Duarte, part of Federal University of Juiz de Fora's School of Social Work and both Federal University of Juiz de Fora's and State University of Rio de Janeiro's Postgraduate Programs in Social Work, for his academic trajectory and militancy, either anti-asylum, anti-prohibitionist, or in defense of the Psychiatric Reform.

This thematic dossier presents scientific articles, academic, professional, and activist experiences, such as surveys, studies, and systematization of practices in mental health work and relevant drugs, aspiring to affirm the principles of the psychiatric reform and the anti-asylum struggle in times of defense of democracy, life, and care in freedom.

In more than forty years of the anti-asylum struggle, more than thirty years of the Bauru Charter and over twenty years since Law no. 10,216, known as the Brazilian Psychiatric Reform Law or the Mental Health Law, currently under threat, we are called upon to resist and support the creation of a policy made by many social subjects, such as users and their family members, workers, scholars, among others. This process is evidenced by Spaniard Manuel Desviat in the article that opens the dossier, On the validity of the Bauru Manifesto in adverse times: notes on the demolition of mental health care in Brazil, which highlights the Bauru Manifesto (1987) and II National Conference on Mental Health as the pillars that constitute the theoretical and practical framework of the Brazilian reform.

Next, the article Brazilian National Mental Health Policy: brief structural analysis by Sara Mexko and Silvio José Benelli leads us to reflect on how the national legislation, still in force, and defended by us, established and institutionalized the new national mental health policy in the first year of the 21st century. The law is radically contrary to the model that was hegemonic until then, the hospital-centered asylum, making it possible to protect the rights of people with mental disorders and with needs arising from the use of crack cocaine, alcohol, and other drugs. These treatments were established within the scope of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), throughout the national territory, and redirected patients to the new care model, the psychosocial care network (RAPS), which is communitybased, territorial, open-door, daily care, and with intersectorial actions and matrix support where life happens.

The mental health care network, which was already taking place in its instituting process, was formalized shortly after the approval of the Mental Health Law, in force, from Ordinance GM/MS no. 336 of 2002 also expresses the...

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