Reorientation of personal characteristics of convicts using phycho-correctional methods

AutorAlexander F. Fedorov
CargoVladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs
Periódico do Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre Gênero e Direito
Centro de Ciências Jurídicas - Universidade Federal da Paraíba
V. 9 - Nº 03 - Ano 2020 Special Edition
ISSN | 2179-7137 |
Alexander F. Fedorov1
Abstract: Due to the growing level of
aggressiveness and conflicts among
juvenile convicts, it is necessary to use
new methods. The article is aimed at
reorienting the personal characteristics
of convicts, raising such features with
the help of a set of techniques that would
allow them to actively engage in working
life after their release. A typological
approach was the leading approach in the
educational work with juvenile convicts.
The article reveals effective measures of
psycho-correctional influence.
Keywords: pedagogical work,
conflict, activity, employee,
penitentiary system
1. Introduction.
Rehabilitation of convicted
adolescents in places of detention is a
considerable difficulty due to the
specifics of the object of influence.
“Successful socialization and
1 Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs,,
integration of a person into society are
the essence of psychological and
pedagogical activity aimed at the
formation of acceptable behavior of
individuals, groups of individuals,
social groups and social organizations in
accordance with the norms” [Egorova,
2013, p. 9].
The state of crime is characterized
not only by an increase in the volume,
but also by an increase in the number of
crimes committed by juveniles.
Recently, the level of aggression and
conflicts among minors has increased
“In the case when the conflict leads
to undesirable results, disorganizes
convicts, the administration also applies
radical (non-psychological) methods of
resolving conflict situations”
[Mastenbroek, 1996, p. 81].
The problem of conflict situations in
youth detention centers, the ways to
resolve them is very relevant, and
Periódico do Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre Gênero e Direito
Centro de Ciências Jurídicas - Universidade Federal da Paraíba
V. 9 - Nº 03 - Ano 2020 Special Edition
ISSN | 2179-7137 |
currently requires resolution. A conflict
is an actualized contradiction, a clash of
oppositely directed interests, goals,
positions, opinions, views of subjects of
interaction or opponents [Mastenbroek,
1996, p. 238]. A.N. Sukhov writes that a
conflict is a multi-level,
multidimensional and multifunctional
socio-psychological phenomenon
[Sukhov, 2003, p. 255], a number of
authors argue that “ exhaust the
conflict means to establish and destroy
the true cause, separating it from the
reason, and to eliminate possible
emotional or ideological consequences
in order to create favorable
opportunities for further interpersonal
interaction” [Pishchelko & Sochivko,
pp. 95-97].
Adolescents can easily be influenced
and for such convicts it is necessary to
create favorable conditions in youth
detention centers, taking into account
individual characteristics.
In modern society, it is quite difficult
for a young person to adapt and
socialize. He is influenced by a plentiful
stream of different information, which
has different effects on his immature
psyche. An adolescent at this time has
not yet formed protective mechanisms
for adaptation to the social environment.
He does not have his deliberate position
in life. An adolescent faces the
consequences of various crises,
ideological differences. In the media
there is a flow of spiritual poverty, other
people’s values, customs, which leads to
a violation of continuity with the older
generation. This raises a sense of
confusion and irritation among
adolescents, which can lead to
frustration. And as Dollard wrote,
frustration always leads to aggression in
some form; aggression is the result of
frustration. Frustration provokes
aggression (induces aggression), which
in turn facilitates or supports aggressive
Age-related restructuring of the
nervous system determines the
expressed affective color of mental
activity of adolescents, but at the same
time there is aggression in behavior of
some minors as a relatively stable
personality trait. “Pedagogical
efficiency of education and training is
closely dependent on the extent to which
anatomical and physiological features
are taken into account...” [Khripkova,
1990, p. 3].

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